Technology in education or Edtech is the use of technological processes and resources to improve education. It is technology in forms of products, apps, and tools to enhance learning and pedagogy, for all stakeholders- students, teachers and parents alike in the student’s educational journey. EdTech is changing the traditional architecture of educational pedagogy and has encouraged many players in the market to be involved in this new field. While globally EdTech is gaininig popularity and coverage among its users, Asia and India in particular are new entrees to this domain and thus have a lot to work in terms of creating, developing and utilizing technology in education.
WHO defines health technology or HealthTech as the application of organized knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve the quality of lives. HealthTech can bring a revolutionary change in the healthcare sector for the patients, doctors, nurses and other stakeholders. From reaching to remote places where professionals cannot be physically present at times and using computerized technology to store patients records to using data analytics to detect any prior signs of illness in patients and creating devices and mobile applications for possible discovery of diseases, technology can do a lot of good if given the right exposure and handled judiciously by the health industry.
Agri-tech is the use of environmentally sound and sustainable farming technology in agriculture, horticulture, and aquaculture with the aim of improving yield, efficiency, and profitability. The impetus of AgriTech should be on the application of technology to lower challenges on the input side right from planting to irritating to harvesting and finally selling. By increasing the efficiency of farmers, making them better equipped to face the challenges of weather, improving market linkages, maintaining the nutritional value of crops and the quality of soil, and generating more yield, this field promises a lot of latent potential in it. This potential offers agritech start-ups with a lot of opportunities to delve into this domain and improve the state of farmers and agriculture.
GreenTech or CleanTech refers to technology that is considered environmentally friendly based on its production process or supply chain. It also includes a means of energy production that is less harmful to the environment and also includes products or services that improve operational performance, productivity or efficiency while also reducing costs, inputs, energy consumption, waste or environmental pollution. GreenTech includes elements of sustainability, recycling or re-using, source reducing, innovative alternatives to non-renewable and non-biodegradable resources and products to bring an altogether viable and holistic approach to the problems of environment that is currently grapping our planet.
Technology for disability to enable their greater inclusion in education, employment, sports, entertainment and everyday public life is an important aspect for creating an equal world. Disability is a natural part of the human experience and it should be treated in the same way by all. Technology must be designed with all kinds of users in mind, and that means everyone. By innovating technologies that will make the participation of the disabled easier and make them feel like every other being in their daily life should be the goal. When websites, online systems, mobile applications, infrastructure of buildings fail to incorporate features that enable users with disabilities to access it, there comes up a divide that leaves behind the disabled.
Bringing technology in the domain of water and sanitation will help to provide a life of dignity to the many people crippled by poverty and their inability to access water and sanitation facilities. Taking technological aid for providing clean water such as hand pumps generating fresh groundwater or construction of facilities for proper sanitation disposal, the role tech plays cannot be ignored. With the appropriate technology, fewer resources are required and it can be maintained more easily, bears low overall cost and has less impact on the environment. Looking into the aspects of accessibility, functionality, quality, sustainability and manageability in the technology that is being introduced to improve water and sanitation in the community, positive changes can be brought in the lives of the people.
Blockchain is a revolutionary technology and distributed ledger platform that allows information to be shared, but not copied across a series of networks. At the same time, AI has been cutting a distinct but similar path through the budding stage of technology development. The catalyzing relationship between blockchain and AI can be credited to Big Data’s emergence and using Data for development. They can use their own potentials to boost the performance of the other as well as expand their own capabilities to create maximum potential in this dual relation.